UA-25427628-1

Charles Kirkham Rhodes, Ph.D.

Professor and Director

Contact

office: 2140 SES
office phone: 312.996.4868

email charles






Bio:

Dr. Rhodes is the Albert A. Michelson Professor Emeritus of Physics, a distinguished appointment in the University of Illinois system, and the Director of the Laboratory for X-Ray Microimaging and Bioinformatics in the Department of Physics. He presently holds additional appointments in the Departments of Bioengineering, Computer Science, and Electrical and Computer Engineering in the College of Engineering. In the early 1990’s, Prof. Rhodes initiated and secured funding for two exceptional US/Russian programs through the NSF and the DoE to assist Russian research and relocate nuclear weapons scientists into the civilian research sector. During the period 1995-1997, he held a concurrent appointment as the TARA Professor of Applied Physics at the University of Tsukuba in Japan as a founding member of the Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance (TARA), a major new multidisciplinary research enterprise incorporating nanotechnology, genetics, protein structure, chemistry, and information technology. His research, which combines experimental and theoretical components, has two main centers of activity. One involves advanced forms of high-brightness coherent X-ray generation for a range of applications, including the 3D holographic imaging of hydrated human cancer stem cells at molecular resolution. The second concerns multidisciplinary activity in Computational Physics that incorporates (1) electromagnetic propagation in high power density plasmas, (2) laser induced nuclear reactions, (3) cosmology and particle physics, (4) protein structure and dynamics, and (5) the use of cryptographic procedures for the organization of bioinformatic data. In the course of his career, Dr. Rhodes has attracted over $50M for the support of his activities in both academic and corporate venues. Dr. Rhodes, whose professional record includes over 300 publications, is a Fellow of the American Physical Society, a Fellow of the Optical Society of America, a Fellow of the IEEE, a Fellow of the AAAS, a recipient of an Alexander von Humboldt Award for Senior U.S. Scientists, a Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Engineering, and a recipient of the Inventor of the Year Award (2000) at the University of Illinois at Chicago for the development of a patented concept for multikilovolt X-ray amplification.


Education:

B.Sc.: Electrical Engineering. Cornell University, 1963
M.Sc.: Physics. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1965
Ph.D.: Physics. Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 1969

Research Interests: High energy density states of matter.

Selected Employment

  • 2006 - present Chairman, Ultrabeam Technologies, LLC, (Chicago, IL 60611)
  • 2001 - present Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Illinois at Chicago (Chicago, IL 60607)
  • 2001 - present Professor of Computer Science, University of Illinois at Chicago (Chicago, IL 60607)
  • 2001 - present Professor of Bioengineering, University of Illinois at Chicago (Chicago, IL 60607)
  • 2000 - 2001 Professor of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, University of Illinois at Chicago (Chicago, IL 60607)
  • 1987 - present The Albert A. Michelson Professor of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago (Chicago, IL 60607)
  • 1986 - present Director, Laboratory for X-Ray Microimaging and Bioinformatics, University of Illinois at Chicago (Chicago, IL 60607)
  • 2003 - 2008 Chairman, LambdaVision, Incorporated, (Chicago, IL 60611)
  • 1984 - 2006 Chairman and President, MCR Technology Corporation (Chicago, IL 60610)
  • 1995 - 1997 TARA Professor of Applied Physics, Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance, University of Tsukuba (Tennodai 1-1-1, Ibaraki 305 JAPAN)
  • 1984 - 1993 Chairman of the Board and President, Kirkham Research Corporation (Chicago, IL 60610)
  • 1982 - 1986 Research Professor of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago (Chicago, IL 60607)
  • 1978 - 1982 Professor of Physics, University of Illinois at Chicago (Chicago, Illinois 60607)

Selected Professional Societies And Honors

  • UIC Inventor of the Year Award, 2000
  • US Liaison Committee to IUPAP, Member-at-Large, December, 1996 - present
  • Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Engineering, 1995 - present
  • Thomas A. Murphy University Scholar, University of Illinois at Chicago, 1994-1995
  • Recipient of an Alexander von Humboldt Research Award for Senior U.S. Scientists, 1992
  • Individual Achievement Award, Lasers & Electro-Optics Society, 16 June 1989
  • Member, State of Illinois Governor's Science Advisory Council, 1989 - 1993
  • Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science, 1989
  • Fellow, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 1989
  • Illinois Humanities Council, Board of Directors, 1988 - 1994
  • DOE SDI Strategic Defense Research Review Panel, 1985 - 1990
  • Fellow, Optical Society of America, 1983
  • Fellow, American Physical Society, 1979
  • Sigma Xi, Tau Beta Pi, Eta Kappa Nu
  • Member, New York Academy of Sciences
  • Member, European Physical Society

Recorded Oral Presentations/Performances

Chair, Seminar on Discovery, Chicago Seminars on the Future, May, 1989, televised on Channel 20; video available from Chicago Access Corporation CNBC “JAMA Medical Rounds,” a national television program that airs weekly on new health related developments and offers CME credit (24 - 25 September 1994) WBEZ/NPR Radio, Interview on Aaron Freeman's Program “Metropolis,” 25 August 1995 BBC World Service (Science Report), August 1995 Chicago Humanities Festival, “Birth of the Universe,” Angela Olinto and Charles K. Rhodes, Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, 9 November 1996 (1 hour) with accompanying manuscript

Principal Academic Committees (UIC)

  • Chair, Faculty Advisory Committee, 2002 to 2003
  • Member, Faculty Advisory Committee, 2000 to 2003
  • Member, Advisory Committee on Industrial Relations, Copyrights, Patents and Licensing 1990
  • Liberal Arts and Sciences College Executive Committee, 1985 to 1986
  • Institute for the Humanities Executive Committee, 1982 to 1986
  • Committee on Research Administration, 1985
  • Task Force on Graduate Education and Research, 1984
  • Search Committee to Advise the President on the Appointment of a Chancellor of UIC, 1983
  • Campus Research Board, 1981 to 1983
  • Advisory Committee, Office of Research Development, 1981 to 1983
  • University Council on Graduate Education and Research, 1978 to 1982

Patents

  • U.S. Patent No. 3,789,319, January 29, 1974, C. K. Rhodes, “Hydrogen Rotation-Vibration Oscillator”
  • U.S. Patent No. 3,815,043, June 4, 1974, R. L. Carman, Jr. and C. K. Rhodes, “Laser System Employing Raman Anti-Stokes Scattering”
  • U.S. Patent No. 3,846,709, November 5, 1974, C.K. Rhodes, “Laser System Employing Stimulated Multiple Photon Emission Process”
  • U.S. Patent No. 4,955,974, 11 September 1990, C. K. Rhodes, K. Boyer, W. Haddad, and J. C. Solem, “Apparatus for Generating X-Ray Holograms and Method for Object Reconstruction”
  • U.S. Patent No. 5,214,581, 25 May 1993, C. K. Rhodes, K. Boyer, J. C. Solem, W. S. Haddad, “Method for Object Reconstruction from X-Ray Holograms”
  • U.S. Patent No. 5,487,078, 23 January 1996, C. K. Rhodes and K. Boyer, “Apparatus and Method for Generating Prompt X-Radiation from Gas Clusters”
  • U.S. Patent Non-Provisional Application No. 10/6000,141, 20 June 2003 (UIC File No. CV107/PCT), C. K. Rhodes and K. Boyer, “Ultrabright Tunable Coherent Multikilovolt X-ray Source”
  • U.S. Patent No. 6,693,989, 17 February 2004 (UIC File No.CT57/NPU), C. K. Rhodes and K. Boyer, “Ultraviolet Multikilovolt X-ray Source: Saturated Amplification on Noble Gas Transition Arrays from Hollow Atom States”
  • U.S. Patent No. 7,016,390, 21 March 2006, C. K. Rhodes and K. Boyer, “Ultrabright Tunable Coherent Multikilovolt X-Ray Source”
  • Pending PCT Patent Application (No.: PCT/US2008/007763) “Temperature Enhancement of X-Ray Radiation Sources” Application Filed: June 20, 2008.
  • Pending PCT Patent Application (No.: PCT/US2009/33911) “Method of Dispersion Controlled X-Ray Amplification in Laser System” Application Filed: February 23, 2009.

Selected Publications:

  • Saturated multikilovolt x-ray amplification with Xe clusters: single-pulse observation of Xe(L) spectral hole burning, J. Phys. B 36, L285-L294 (2003).
  • Ultrabright multikilovolt coherent tunable x-ray source at ~ 2.71-2.93 Angstroms, J. Phys. B 36, 3433-3455 (2003).
  • Ultraviolet-infrared wavelength scalings for strong field induced L-shell emissions from Kr and Xe clusters, J. Phys. B 35, L461-468 (2002).
  • Bifurcation mode of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channelling, J. Phys. B 34, 2167-2176 (2001).
  • An efficient, selective collisional ejection mechanism for inner-shell population inversion in laser-driven plasmas, J. Phys. B 34, 297-319 (2001).
  • Dynamics of optimized stable channel formation of intense laser pulses with the relativistic/charge-displacement mechanism, J. Phys. B 32, 3511-3525 (1999).
  • Pump laser wavelength-dependent control of the efficiency of kilovolt x-ray emission from atomic clusters, J. Phys. B 31, 5031-5051 (1998).
  • Stable relativistic/charge-displacement channels in ultrahigh power density (~ 10^21 W/cm^3) plasmas, PNAS 95, 7854-7859 (1998).
  • Evidence of enhanced multiphoton (248 nm) coupling from single-pulse energy measurements of Xe(L) emission induced from Xe clusters, J. Phys. B 30, L767-L775 (1997).
  • Short-pulse amplification at 745 nm in Ti:sapphire with a continuously tunable regenerative amplifier, Appl. Opt. 36, 7752-7755 (1997).
  • Wavelength dependence of multiphoton-induced Xe(M) and Xe(L) emissions from Xe clusters, J. Phys. B 30, 2707-2716 (1997).
  • High-brightness terawatt KrF* (248 nm) system, Appl. Phys. B 64, 643-646 (1997).
  • Measurement of 160-fs, 248-nm pulses by two-photon fluorescence in fused-silica crystals, Appl. Opt. 36, 3421-3424 (1997).
  • Production of ultrahigh power densities with channeled propagation at 248nm in underdense plasmas, Prog. Crystal Growth and Charact. 33, 217-223 (1996).
  • Biomedical three-dimensional holographic microimaging at visible, ultraviolet and X-ray wavelengths, Nature Medicine 2, 939-941 (1996).
  • Competition between multiphoton Xenon cluster excitation and plasma wave Raman scattering at 248 nm, J. Phys. B 29, L291-L297 (1996).
  • Z-lambda imaging of Xe(M) and Xe(L) emissions from channelled propagation of intense femtosecond 248 nm pulses in a Xe cluster target, J. Phys. B 29, L113-L118 (1996).
  • Intensity dependence of the multiphoton-induced Xe(L) spectrum produced by subpicosecond 248 nm excitation of Xe clusters, J. Phys. B 29, L43-L50 (1996).
  • Dynamical orbital collapse drives super x-ray emission, J. Phys. B 29, 247-255 (1996).
  • Ultrahigh power compression for x-ray amplification: multiphoton cluster excitation combined with nonlinear channeled propagation, J. Phys. B 28, 2143-2158 (1995).
  • Stability analysis of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense laser-pulses in underdense plasmas, Plasma Phys. Control Fusion 37, 569-597 (1995).
  • Stable self-channeling of intense ultraviolet pulses in underdense plasma, producing channels exceeding 100 rayleigh lengths, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1941-1947 (1994).
  • Superstrong coherent multielectron intense-field interaction, J. Phys. B 27, L633-L636 (1994).
  • X-ray superradiance from multiphoton excited clusters, J. Phys. B 27, L637-L641 (1994).
  • Evidence for coherent electron motions in multiphoton x-ray-production from Kr and Xe clusters, J. Phys. B 27, 4373-4389 (1994).
  • Multielectron ejection of inner-shell electrons through multiphoton excitation of clusters, J. Phys. B 27, 4391-4400 (1994).
  • Multiphoton-induced x-ray-emission at 4-5 keV from Xe atoms with multiple core vacancies, Nature 370, 631-634 (1994).
  • Multiphoton Induced X-Ray Emission from Kr Clusters on M-Shell (~100 Angstroms) and L-Shell (~6 Angstroms) Transitions, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1810-1813 (1994).
  • Comparison of kinetic energy distributions and ionic fragment yields of CO2 and N2O arising from coulomb explosions induced by multiphoton ionization and fast-ion impact, Phys. Rev. A 48, 1359-1363 (1993).
  • High-brightness subpicosecond terawatt KrF* system driven with a frequency-converted self-mode-locked pulse-compressed Ti:Al2O3 laser, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1180-1184 (1993).
  • X-ray emission from a 650-fs laser-produced barium plasma, Phys. Rev. E 47, 4349-4353(1993).
  • Fourier-transform holographic microscope, Appl. Opt. 31, 4973-4978 (1992).
  • Method of concentration of power in materials for x-ray amplification, Appl. Opt. 31, 3433-3437 (1992).
  • Isotopic studies of atomic site selectivity in molecular multiphoton ionization of N2O, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6744-6747 (1992).
  • Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser-pulses in plasmas, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830-5845 (1992).
  • Observation of Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling of Intense Subpicosecond Ultraviolet (248 nm) Radiation in Plasmas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309-2312 (1992).
  • Observation of density-enhanced dielectronic satellite spectra produced during subpicosecond laser-matter interactions, Phys. Rev. A 45, 1569-1574 (1992).
  • Plasma production from ultraviolet-transmitting targets using subpicosecond ultraviolet-radiation, Opt. Lett. 16, 1261-1263 (1991).
  • High-intensity generation of 9-13 Angstrom x-rays from BaF2 targets, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 777-778 (1991).
  • Measurement of energy penetration depth of subpicosecond laser energy into solid density matter, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 534-536 (1991).
  • Generation of coherent extreme-ultraviolet and infrared radiation using six-wave mixing in Argon, Phys. Rev. A 43, 371-375 (1991).
  • High-Power Ultrafast Excimer Lasers, J. of Appl. Phys. 69, R1-R19 (1991).
  • Stabilization of relativistic self-focusing of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet pulses in plasmas, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1753-1756 (1990).
  • Tunneling ionization in the multiphoton regime, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5049-5052 (1990).
  • Prospects for x-ray amplification with charge-displacement self-channeling, IEEE J. Quant. Electron. 25, 2423-2430 (1989).
  • Ultrahigh-intensity KrF* laser system, Opt. Lett. 14, 1113-1115 (1989).
  • Observation of a new inner-orbital molecular-transition at 55.8-nm in N2(2)+ produced by multiphoton coupling, Phys. Rev. A 40, 2378-2384 (1989).
  • Kinetic energy distributions of ionic fragments produced by subpicosecond multiphoton ionization of N-2, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1186-1192(1989).
  • Multiphoton dissociative ionization of molecular deuterium, Phys. Rev. A 38, 6180 (1988).
  • Multiphoton ultraviolet spectroscopy of some 6p levels in krypton, Phys. Rev. A 21, 1453 (1980).
  • Collisional and radiative properties of the H2E,F1Sig+ state, Phys. Rev. A 21, 607 (1980).
  • Observation of two-photon excitation of the H2E,F1Sig+ state, Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 309 (1978).
  • Stimulated emission at 9.75 micrometers following two-photon excitation of fluoride, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 221 (1978).

Publications of Charles K. Rhodes

  1. “Progress and Applications of Q-Switching Techniques Using Molecular Gas Lasers,” G.W. Flynn, L. O. Hocker, A. Javan, M. A. Kovacs, and C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-2, 378 (1966).
  2. “Vibrational Relaxation Measurements in CO2 Using an Induced-Fluorescence Technique,” L. O. Hocker, M. A. Kovacs, C. K. Rhodes, G. W. Flynn, and A. Javan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 17, 233 (1966).
  3. “Vibrational and Rotational Studies Using Q-Switching of Molecular Gas Lasers,” G. Flynn, M. A. Kovacs, C. K. Rhodes, and A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 8, 63 (1966).
  4. “Measurement of Some Molecular Vibrational-Rotational Parameters with an Infrared Heterodyning Technique,” M. A. Kovacs, C. K. Rhodes, A. Szöke, and A. Javan, Appl. Phys. Lett. 10, 108 (1967).
  5. “The Influence of Level Degeneracy on the Self-Induced Transparency Effect,” C. K. Rhodes, A. Szöke, and A. Javan, Phys. Rev. Lett. 21, 1151 (1968).
  6. “Collisional Relaxation of the 1000 State in Pure CO2,” C. K. Rhodes, M. J. Kelly, and A. Javan, J. Chem. Phys. 48, 5730 (1968).
  7. “Transmission of Coherent Optical Pulses in Gaseous SF6,” C. K. Rhodes and A. Szöke, Phys. Rev. 184, 25 (1969).
  8. “Influence of Degeneracy on Coherent Pulse Propagation in an Inhomogeneously Broadened Attenuator,” F. A. Hopf, C. K. Rhodes, and A. Szöke, Phys. Rev. B 1, 2833 (1970).
  9. “Some Results on Coherent Radiative Phenomena with 0π Pulses,” F.A. Hopf, G. L. Lamb, Jr., C. K. Rhodes, and M. O. Scully, Phys. Rev. A3, 758 (1971).
  10. Gaseous Lasers: Atomic, Molecular, and Ionic,” C. K. Rhodes and A. Szöke, ed. Laser Handbook, F. T. Arecchi and E. O. Schulz-DuBois, (North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1972) p. 265.
  11. “Vacuum Ultraviolet Studies of Rare Gases and Rare Gas Mixtures Excited with Pulsed High Energy Electron Beams,” B. Krawetz and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the Symposium on High Power Molecular Lasers (Quebec City, Canada, May 15-17, 1972).
  12. “Observation of Quadrupole Hyperfine Structure in the υ6RQ3 (6) Transition of 12CH335Cl,” T. W. Meyer, J. F. Brilando, and C. K. Rhodes, Chem. Phys. Lett. 18, 382 (1973).
  13. “The Influence of Reorientational Collisions on Coherent Optical Processes,” F. A. Hopf and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Commun. 8, 88 (1973).
  14. “Demonstration of Temporal Coherence, Spatial Coherence, and Threshold Effects in the Molecular Xenon Laser,” P. W. Hoff, J. C. Swingle, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Commun. 8, 128 (1973).
  15. “Influence of Vibrational, Rotational, and Reorientational Relaxation on Pulse Amplification in Molecular Amplifiers,” F. A. Hopf and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 8, 912 (1973).
  16. “Observations of Stimulated Emission from High-Pressure Krypton and Argon/Xenon Mixtures,” P. W. Hoff, J. C. Swingle, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 245 (1973).
  17. “Kinetic Model of Ultraviolet Inversions in High-Pressure Rare-Gas Plasmas,” E. V. George and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 23, 139 (1973).
  18. . “Oscillation on the Ultraviolet Bound-Free Continua of Diatomic Molecular Xenon and Molecular Krypton,” C. K. Rhodes and P. W. Hoff, in Laser Spectroscopy, R. G. Brewer and A. Mooradian, editors, (Plenum Publishing Corp., New York, 1974) p. 113.
  19. “Review of Ultraviolet Laser Physics,” C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-10, 153 (1974).
  20. “Observation of Momentum Transfer in Rotationally Inelastic Molecular Collisions of CO2 with H2, CO2, and Kr,” T. W. Meyer and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 32, 637 (1974).
  21. “Observation of Upper State (0001) Effects in the Detection of Momentum Transfer in Rotationally Inelastic Collisions of CO2 with Hydrogen,” T. W. Meyer, W. K. Bischel, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 10, 1433 (1974).
  22. “Laser Systems for Laser Fusion,” R. R. Buntzen and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of First Topical Meeting on the Technology of Controlled Nuclear Fusion (San Diego, California, April 1974).
  23. “Dynamic Model of High-Pressure Rare-Gas Excimer Lasers,” C. W. Werner, E. V. George, P. W. Hoff, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 235 (1974).
  24. “Laser Oscillation on the Green Bands of XeO and KrO,” H. T. Powell, J. R. Murray, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 25, 730 (1974).
  25. “Observation of Doppler-Free Two-Photon Absorption in the υ3 Bands of CH3F,” W. K. Bischel, P. J. Kelly, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 34, 300 (1975).
  26. “High Resolution Line Broadening and Collisional Studies in CO2 Using Nonlinear Spectroscopic Techniques,” T. W. Meyer, C. K. Rhodes, and H. A. Haus, Phys. Rev. A 12, 1993 (1975).
  27. “The Oxygen Auroral Transition Laser System Excited by Collisional and Photolytic Energy Transfer,” J. R. Murray, H. T. Powell, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the Megève Laser Spectroscopy Conference (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1975) p. 239.
  28. “Review of High Energy Visible and Ultraviolet Lasers,” R. M. Hill, D. L. Huestis, and C. K. Rhodes, Laser Induced Fusion and X-Ray Laser Studies, S. Jacobs, M. Sargent III, C. Cantrell, editors, (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Massachusetts, 1976) p. 227.
  29. “Study of Momentum Transfer Distributions in Rotationally Inelastic Collisions,” W. K. Bischel and C. K. Rhodes, The Physics of Electronic and Atomic Collisions, IX International Conference on the Physics of Electronic and Atomic Collisions, John S. Risley and R. Geballe, editors, (University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 1976) p. 820.
  30. “Brief Survey of Gas Lasers and Applications,” R. M. Hill and C. K. Rhodes, in High Power Gas Lasers (John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New Jersey, 1976) p. 1.
  31. “Isotope Separation Involving Photoinduced Changes in the Electric and Magnetic Properties of Molecules and Atoms,” P. L. Kelley, N. M. Kroll, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Commun. 16, 172 (1976).
  32. “High Resolution Doppler-Free Two-Photon Spectroscopic Studies of Molecules. I. The υ3 Bands of 12CH3F,” W. K. Bischel, P. J. Kelly, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A13, 1817 (1976).
  33. “High Resolution Doppler-Free Two-Photon Spectroscopic Studies of Molecules II: the υ3 Bands of 14NH3,” W. K. Bischel, P. J. Kelly, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A13, 1829 (1976).
  34. “The Possibility of High-Energy-Storage Lasers Using the Auroral and Transauroral Transitions of Column-VI Elements,” J. R. Murray and C. K. Rhodes, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 5041 (1976).
  35. “Nuclear Fission Fragment Excited Laser Systems,” D. C. Lorents and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Commun. 18, 14 (1976).
  36. “Optical Frequency Conversion Processes in Atomic Rydberg States,” A. M. F. Lau, W. K. Bischel, and C. K. Rhodes, Excimer Lasers, Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 30, 2nd Enlarged Edition, C. K. Rhodes, editor (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984) p. 229.
  37. “Laser Generation for 6 to 35 μm Following Two-Photon Excitation of Ammonia,” R. R. Jacobs, D. Prosnitz, W. K. Bischel, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 29, 710 (1976).
  38. “Study of Momentum-Transfer Distributions in Rotationally Inelastic Collisions of CO2 with Foreign Gas Perturbers,” W. K. Bischel and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 14, 176 (1976).
  39. “Nuclear Fission Fragment Excitation of Electronic Transition Laser Media,” D. C. Lorents, M. V. McCusker, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the 3rd Conference on Uranium Plasmas and Applications, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ (June, 1976).
  40. “Doppler-Free Two-Photon Resonances in the υ2 Bands of 14NH3 at High Stark Fields,” W. K. Bischel, R. R. Jacobs, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 14, 1294 (1976).
  41. “Radiative and Kinetic Mechanisms in Bound-Free Excimer Lasers,” C. W. Werner, E. V. George, P. W. Hoff, and C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-13, 769 (1977).
  42. “Control of Collisionless and Collisional Processes by Nonresonant Laser Fields,” A. M. F. Lau and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A15, 1570 (1977).
  43. “Isotope Effects in Molecular Multiquantum Amplitudes,” C. K. Rhodes and C. D. Cantrell in The Significance of Nonlinearity in the Natural Sciences, ed. Behram Kursunoglu, Arnold Perlmutter, and Linda F. Scott (Plenum Publishing Co., New York, 1977) p. 293.
  44. “Field-Induced Avoided Crossing and New Transition Channels in Atomic and Molecular Gases Irradiated by Lasers,” A. M. F. Lau and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A16, 2392 (1977).
  45. “Nonlinear Processes in the Infrared and Ultraviolet,” C. K. Rhodes in High Power Lasers and Applications, ed. K.-L. Kompa and H. Walther (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979) p. 163.
  46. “Characteristics and Optimization of the Two-Photon-Excited 16-μm Laser in 14NH3,” H. Pummer, W. K. Bischel, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 976 (1978).
  47. “XeO* Production Through Collisional Electronic Energy Transfer from Two-Photon Excited Xe Atoms,” D. Kligler, D. Pritchard, W. K. Bischel, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2219 (1978).
  48. “Stimulated Emission at 9.75 μm Following Two-Photon Excitation of Methyl Fluoride,” D. Prosnitz, R. R. Jacobs, W. K. Bischel, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 221 (1978).
  49. “Observation of Two-Photon Excitation of the H2 E,F 1Σg+ State,” D. J. Kligler and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 309 (1978).
  50. “Measurement of 16-μm Emission of a Two-Photon-Excited Ammonia Laser,” H. Flicker, R. F. Holland, W. K. Bischel, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 2983 (1978).
  51. “Energy Ordering of the Excited States of XeF,” D. J. Kligler, H. H. Nakano, D. L. Huestis, W. K. Bischel, R. M. Hill, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 33, 39 (1978).
  52. “Ultraviolet Absorption of CF3I Induced by Excitation of the υ1 Vibrational Mode at 9.6 μm,” H. Pummer, J. Eggleston, W. K. Bischel, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 427 (1978).
  53. “Photolytic Production of S(1S) from OCS by Two-Quantum and Vibrationally Dependent Mechanisms,” D. J. Kligler, H. Pummer, W. K. Bischel, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 69, 4652 (1978).
  54. Excimer Lasers, C. K. Rhodes, editor, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979).
  55. “Doppler-Free Spectroscopy of the υ2 Band in 14NH3: Application to 16-m Generation,” J. Bokor, W. K. Bischel, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 4541 (1979).
  56. “Nonlinear Optical Processes in Atoms and Molecules Using Rare-Gas Halide Lasers,” W. K. Bischel, J. Bokor, D. J. Kligler, and C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-15, 380 (1979).
  57. “ArF Laser Photolysis of OCSe. I. Se(1S) Quenching Processes,” W. K. Bischel, G. Black, R. T. Hawkins, D. J. Kligler, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 70, 5589 (1979).
  58. “Generation of 16-μm Radiation in 14NH3 by Two-Quantum Excitation of the 2υ2 (7,5) State,” J. Eggleston, J. Dallarosa, W. K. Bischel, J. Bokor, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Appl. Phys. 50, 3867 (1979).
  59. “Laser Excitation of Inner-Shell Atomic States by Multiquantum Amplitudes,” C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '78, V. J. Corcoran, editor (STS Press, McLean, Virginia, 1979) p. 689.
  60. “Isotope Effect in Multiphoton Ultraviolet Photolysis of CO,” J. Bokor, J. Zavelovich, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 72, 965 (1980).
  61. “Collisional and Radiative Properties of the H2 E,F 1Σg+State,” D. J. Kligler, J. Bokor, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 21, 607 (1980).
  62. “Multiphoton Ultraviolet Spectroscopy of Some 6p Levels in Krypton,” J. Bokor, J. Zavelovich, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A21, 1453 (1980).
  63. “Energy Splitting Between the B and C States of Xenon Chloride,” J. Bokor and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 73, 2626 (1980).
  64. “A Tunable, Ultrahigh Spectral Brightness KrF* Excimer Laser Source,” R. T. Hawkins, H. Egger, J. Bokor, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 36, 391 (1980).
  65. “Generation of High-Spectral-Brightness Tunable XUV Radiation at 83 nm,” H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 5, 282 (1980).
  66. “Interference Effects in the Predissociation of H2 and HD,” M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Chem. Phys. Lett. 72, 404 (1980).
  67. “High-Resolution Spectroscopy of Molecular Hydrogen at 83 nm,” M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers (Shanghai-Beijing, China, May 1980) p. 35.
  68. “VUV Fluorescence Following Photodissociation of N2O at 193 nm,” J. Zavelovich, M. Rothschild, W. Gornik, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 74, 6787 (1981).
  69. “High-Resolution Spectroscopy of Molecular Hydrogen in the Extreme Ultraviolet Region,” M. Rothschild, H. Egger, R. T. Hawkins, J. Bokor, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 23, 206 (1981).
  70. “A Tunable, Ultrahigh-Spectral-Brightness ArF* Excimer Laser Source,” H. Egger, T. Srinivasan, K. Hohla, H. Scheingraber, C. R. Vidal, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 39, 37 (1981).
  71. “Pressure-Induced Multiphoton Ionization of Krypton-Argon Mixtures at 248 nm,” M. Rothschild, W. Gornik, J. Zavelovich, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 75, 3794 (1981).
  72. “Observation of Harmonics in the Visible and Ultraviolet Created in CO2¬-Laser-Produced Plasmas,” R. L. Carman, C. K. Rhodes, and R. F. Benjamin, Phys. Rev. A24, 2649 (1981).
  73. “The Study of Atomic and Molecular Processes with Rare-Gas Halogen Lasers,” H. Egger, M. Rothschild, D. Muller, H. Pummer, T. Srinivasan, J. Zavelovich, and C. K. Rhodes, Laser Spectroscopy V, Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy, A. R. W. McKellar, T. Oka, and B. P. Stoicheff, editors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1981) p. 446.
  74. “Four-Photon Pressure-Induced Ionization of Xe by 351 nm Radiation,” M. Rothschild, J. Zavelovich, W. Gornik, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Commun. 39, 316 (1981).
  75. “Ultrahigh-Spectral-Brightness Excimer Lasers as Pump Sources for Coherent Soft X-Ray Generation,” H. Egger, H. Pummer, T. Srinivasan, and C. K. Rhodes, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 75, Low Energy X-Ray Diagnostics--1981, ed. D. T. Atwood and B. L. Henke (AIP, New York, 1981) p. 339.
  76. “Nonlinear Excitation of Rare-Gas Liquid Mixtures in the Ultraviolet,” D. F. Muller, M. W. Wilson, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 25, 1004 (1982).
  77. “Third-Harmonic Generation Using an Ultrahigh-Spectral-Brightness ArF* Source,” H. Pummer, T. Srinivasan, H. Egger, K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 7, 93 (1982).
  78. “Atomic, Molecular, and Condensed-Matter Studies Using Ultraviolet, Excimer Lasers,” C. K. Rhodes, in Proceedings of the 29th Midwest Solid State Conference-Novel Materials and Techniques in Condensed Matter, ed. G. W. Crabtree and P. Vashishta (Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Amsterdam, 1982) p. 151.
  79. “Quenching of NO(D 2Σ+, E2Σ+) Formed by UV Photodissociation of NOCl,” M. W. Wilson, M. Rothschild, D. F. Muller, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 76, 4452 (1982).
  80. “High Spectral Brightness Extreme Ultraviolet Generation with Excimer Lasers,” K. Boyer, H. Egger, T. S. Luk, D. F. Muller, H. Pummer, T. Srinivasan, and C. K. Rhodes, in Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '81, ed.C. B. Collins (STS Press, McLean, Virginia, 1981) p. 48.
  81. “Excimer Lasers for the Generation of Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation,” H. Egger, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Laser Focus 18 (6), 59 (1982).
  82. “Generation of Tunable, Coherent 79 nm Radiation by Frequency Mixing,” H. Egger, T. Srinivasan, K. Boyer, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, in AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 90, Topical Meeting on Laser Techniques for XUV Spectroscopy (AIP, New York, 1982) p. 445.
  83. “Multiphoton Photofragmentation of SO2 at 248 nm,” M. W. Wilson, M. Rothschild, D. F. Muller, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 77, 1837 (1982).
  84. “Studies of Organic Molecules as Saturable Absorbers at 193 nm,” D. F. Muller, M. Rothschild, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum ElectronQE-18, 1865 (1982).
  85. “Picosecond, Tunable ArF* Excimer Laser Source,” H. Egger, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, D. F. Muller, H. Pummer, T. Srinivasan, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 41, 1032 (1982).
  86. “Generation of Coherent, Tunable Picosecond Pulses in the XUV,” T. Srinivasan, K. Boyer, H. Egger, T. S. Luk, D. F. Muller, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Picosecond Phenomena III, K. B. Eisen¬thal, R. M. Hochstrasser, W. Kaiser, and A. Laubereau, editors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1982) p. 19.
  87. “Generation of Tunable, Coherent XUV Radiation by Frequency Mixing and Generation of Intense, Picosecond ArF* Laser Pulses,” T. Srinivasan, H. Egger, K. Boyer, H. Pummer, C. K. Rhodes, T. S. Luk, and D. F. Muller, Appl. Phys. B28, 198 (1982).
  88. “Saturable Absorbers at 193 nm,” D. F. Muller, M. Rothschild, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. B 28, 199 (1982).
  89. “Use of Sharp Autoionizing Resonances for Soft X-Ray Diagnosis of Inertially Confined Fusion Plasmas,” C. K. Rhodes and R. L. Carman, Appl. Opt. 21, 3799 (1982).
  90. “Generation of Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation at 79 nm by Sum Frequency Mixing,” T. Srinivasan, H. Egger, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J.Quantum Electron QE-19, 1270 (1983).
  91. “Progress in Dye and Excimer Laser Sources for Remote Sensing,” T. Srinivasan, H. Egger, T. S. Luk, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Optical and Laser Remote Sensing, D. Killinger and A. Mooradian, editors, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983) p. 269.
  92. “Multiphoton Dissociation of OCCl2 at 193 nm: Formation of Electronically Excited Cl2,” M. W. Wilson, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 78, 3779 (1983).
  93. “Evidence for Laser Induced Surface Silanol Formation,” D. F. Muller, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, in Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Volume 17 (Elsevier, New York, 1983) p. 135.
  94. “Generation of Vacuum Ultraviolet and Extreme Ultraviolet Radiation by Nonlinear Processes with Excimer Lasers,” C. K. Rhodes, in Laser Interaction and Related Plasma Phenomena, Vol. 6, ed H. Hora and G. H. Miley, (Plenum, New York, 1984) p. 87.
  95. AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 100, Excimer Lasers-1983, ed. H. Egger, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes (AIP, New York, 1983).
  96. “High-Power VUV Stimulated Emission from Two-Photon Excited H2,” H. Pummer, H. Egger, T. S. Luk, T. Srinivasan, and C. K. Rhodes, in AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 100, Excimer Lasers-1983, ed. H. Egger, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes (AIP, New York, 1983) p. 151.
  97. “Generation of Electronically Excited Products in the Multiphoton Dissociation of Phosgene at 193 nm,” M. W. Wilson, M. Rothschild, and C. K. Rhodes, in AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 100, Excimer Lasers-1983, ed. H. Egger, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes (AIP, New York, 1983) p. 317.
  98. “Collision-Free Generation of Highly Ionized Atomic Species with 193 nm Radiation,” T. S. Luk, H. Pummer, K. Boyer, M. Shahidi, H. Egger, and C. K. Rhodes, in AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 100, Excimer Lasers-1983, ed. H. Egger, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes (AIP, New York, 1983) p. 341.
  99. “Vacuum-Ultraviolet Stimulated Emission from Two-Photon-Excited Molecular Hydrogen,” H. Pummer, H. Egger, T. S. Luk, T. Srinivasan, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 28, 795 (1983).
  100. “Anomalous Collision-Free Multiple Ionization of Atoms with Intense Picosecond Ultraviolet Radiation,” T. S. Luk, H. Pummer, K. Boyer, M. Shahidi, H. Egger, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 110 (1983).
  101. “Ultraviolet and X-Ray Lasers,” H. Egger and C. K. Rhodes, in the 1984 McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1983) p. 245.
  102. “Stimulated Vacuum Ultraviolet Emission Following Two-Photon Excitation of H2,” H. Egger, T. S. Luk, H. Pummer, T. Srinivasan, and C. K. Rhodes, in Laser Spectros¬copy VI, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, H. P. Weber and W. Lüthy, editors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983) p. 403.
  103. “Collisionless Multiquantum Ionization of Atomic Species with 193 nm Radiation,” T. S. Luk, H. Pummer, K. Boyer, M. Shahidi, H. Egger, and C. K. Rhodes, in Laser Spectroscopy VI, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, H. P. Weber and W. Lüthy, editors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983) p. 369.
  104. “Stimulated Extreme Ultraviolet Emission at 93 nm in Krypton,” T. Srinivasan, H. Egger, T. S. Luk, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Laser Spectroscopy VI, Proceedings of the 6th International Conference, H. P. Weber and W. Lüthy, editors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1983) p. 385.
  105. “Vacuum Ultraviolet and Extreme Ultraviolet Generation with Excimer Lasers,” C. K. Rhodes in Abstract Volume, Laser ‘83 Opto-Elektronik (6th International Congress, Munich, 1983) p. 114.
  106. “Dye, Vacuum Ultraviolet, and Extreme Ultraviolet Lasers,” C. K. Rhodes, Kodak Laboratory Chemicals Bulletin 54, 1 (1983).
  107. “Progress in Short Wavelength Sources,” C. K. Rhodes, Laser Focus (Pennwell Publishing Col., Massachusetts, October 1983 ) p. 16.
  108. “The Influence of the Optical Stark Shift on the Two-Photon Excitation of the Molecular Hydrogen E,F State,” T. Srinivasan, H. Egger, T. S. Luk, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron QE-19, 1874 (1983).
  109. “Vacuum Ultraviolet and Extreme Ultraviolet Generation with Excimer Lasers,” C. K. Rhodes in Physics News in 1983, edited by Philip F. Schewe (AIP, New York, 1983) p. 121.
  110. “Short Wavelength Generation Using Excimer Lasers,” H. Pummer, H. Egger, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, SPIE Vol. 461, New Lasers for Analytical and Industrial Chemistry, (SPIE, Bellingham, 1984) p. 53./li>
  111. “Optical Properties of Rare-Gas Fluoride Dimers and Trimers Dissolved in Liquid Rare Gases,” H. Jara, H. Pummer, H. Egger, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. B30, 1 (1984).
  112. “Interaction of Atomic and Molecular Systems with High-Intensity Ultraviolet Radiation,” K. Boyer, H. Egger, T. S. Luk, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B1, 3 (1984).
  113. “Collision-Free Multiple Ionization of Atoms and XUV Stimulated Emission in Krypton at 193 nm,” H. Egger, T. S. Luk, W. Müller, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 119, Subseries on Optical Science and Engineering, Laser Techniques in the Extreme Ultraviolet, edited by S. E. Harris and T. B. Lucatorto (AIP, New York, 1984) p. 64.
  114. Excimer Lasers, Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 30, 2nd Enlarged Edition, C. K. Rhodes, editor (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984) pp. 1-271.
  115. “High-Spectral-Brightness Excimer Systems,” H. Pummer, H. Egger, and C. K. Rhodes, Excimer Lasers, Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 30, 2nd Enlarged Edition, C. K. Rhodes, editor (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984) p. 217.
  116. “Applications of Excimer Systems,” K. Hohla, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Excimer Lasers, Topics in Applied Physics, Vol. 30, 2nd Enlarged Edition, C. K. Rhodes, editor (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984) p. 229.
  117. “Multiphoton Ionization and Short Wavelength Stimulated Emission Using Excimer Lasers,” H. Egger, K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, W. Müller, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, SPIE Vol. 476, Excimer Lasers, Their Applications, and New Frontiers in Lasers (SPIE, Bellingham, Washington, 1984) p. 52.
  118. “Stimulated VUV Radiation from HD Excited by a Picosecond ArF* Laser,” T. S. Luk, H. Egger, W. Müller, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Ultrafast Phenomena IV, D. H. Auston and K. B. Eisenthal, editors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984) p. 42.
  119. “Studies of Collision-Free Nonlinear Processes in the Ultraviolet Range,” C. K. Rhodes, in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Multiphoton Processes, P. Lambropoulos and S. J. Smith, editors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984) p. 31.
  120. “The Generation of Radiation in the Extreme Ultraviolet and Soft X-Ray Range with Excimer Lasers,” C. K. Rhodes, in Energy Technology XI, R. F. Hill, editor (Government Institutes, Inc., Rockville, Maryland, 1984) p. 1459.
  121. “Lasers in the Vacuum Ultraviolet and X-Ray Region,” C. K. Rhodes, in VUV and X-Ray Sources for Atomic and Molecular Science: Report of a Workshop, Committee on Atomic and Molecular Sciences (CAMS), (National Academy Press, Washington, D.C., 1986) p. 44.
  122. “The Observation of Stimulated Emission in the 119 nm to 149 nm Range from HD Excited by Picosecond 193 nm Radiation,” T. S. Luk, H. Egger, W. Müller, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Chem. Phys. 82, 4479 (1985).
  123. “Generation of VUV Radiation with Lasers,” C. K. Rhodes, in Resonance Ionization Spectroscopy 1984, G. S. Hurst and M. G. Payne, editors, (The Institute of Physics, Bristol and Boston, 1984) p. 333.
  124. “Atomic Inner-Shell Excitation Induced by Coherent Motion of Outer-Shell Electrons,” K. Boyer and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 54, 1490 (1985).
  125. “Collision-Free Multiple Photon Ionization of Atoms and Molecules at 193 nm,” T. S. Luk, U. Johann, H. Egger, H. Pummer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A32, 214 (1985).
  126. “Studies of Multiquantum Processes in Atoms,” C. K. Rhodes, in Seminar on the Fundamentals of Laser Interactions, Lecture Notes in Physics 229, edited by F. Ehlotzky, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985) p. 111.
  127. “Laser Excitation of Atomic Inner-Shells by Coherent Processes with Implications for X-Ray Lasers,” K. Boyer and C. K. Rhodes, Southwest Conference on Optics, SPIE Vol. 540, Robin S. McDowell, editor (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 1985) p. 196.
  128. “Multiphoton Inner-Shell Atomic Excitation and Multiple Ionization,” U. Johann, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Electronic and Atomic Collisions, D. C. Lorents, W. E. Meyerhof, and J. R. Peterson, eds. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1986) p. 751.
  129. “Multiphoton Ionization of Atoms,” C. K. Rhodes, Science 229, 1345 (1985).
  130. “Optically Excited XeF* Excimer Laser in Liquid Argon,” M. Shahidi, H. Jara, H. Pummer, H. Egger, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 10, 448 (1985).
  131. “High Order Nonlinear Processes in the Ultraviolet,” T. S. Luk, U. Johann, H. Egger, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Laser Spectroscopy VII, T. W. Hänsch and Y. R. Shen, editors (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1985) p. 166.
  132. “Evidence for Atomic Inner-Shell Atomic Excitation in Xenon from Electron Spectra Produced by Collision-Free Multiphoton Processes at 193 nm,” U. Johann, T. S. Luk, H. Egger, H. n, and C. K. Rhodes, in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics ‘85, May 21-24, 1985, Baltimore, Maryland, p. 152.
  133. “Multiphoton Ionization in Ultrahigh Optical Fields: A Statistical Description,” H. Egger, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B3, 901 (1986).
  134. “Theoretical Model of Inner-Shell Excitation by Outer-Shell Electrons,” A. Smoke and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 720 (1986).
  135. “Rare-Gas Electron-Energy Spectra Produced by Collision-Free Multiquantum Processes,” U. Johann, T. S. Luk, H. Egger, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A34, 1084 (1986).
  136. “Atomic Inner-Shell Excitation by Nonlinear Processes,” C. K. Rhodes, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 146, in Advances in Laser Science-I, edited by W. C. Stwalley and M. Lapp (AIP, New York, 1986) p. 76.
  137. “Ultraviolet Excitation and Stimulated Emission in Cryogenic Rare-Gas Halide Solutions,” H. Jara, M. Shahidi, H. Pummer, H. Egger, and C. K. Rhodes, in AIP Conference Proceedings No.146, Advances in Laser Science-I, edited by W. C. Stwalley and M. Lapp (AIP, New York, 1986) p. 132.
  138. “Subpicosecond High Power UV-Laser System,” A. P. Schwarzenbach, T. S. Luk, U. Johann, I. McIntyre, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 146, in Advances in Laser Science-I, edited by W. C. Stwalley and M. Lapp (AIP, New York, 1986) p. 616.
  139. “X-Ray and Vacuum Ultraviolet Lasers,” C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '85, edited by C. P. Wang (STS Press, McLean, VA, 1986) p. 262.
  140. “Subpicosecond KrF* Excimer-Laser Source,” A. P. Schwarzenbach, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, U. Johann, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 11, 499 (1986).
  141. “High Power Subpicosecond KrF Laser,” T. S. Luk, A. P. Schwarzenbach, I. A. McIntyre, U. Johann, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the OE LASE '86 Conference, High Power and Solid State Lasers, edited by W. W. Simmons (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 1986) p. 101.
  142. “Interaction of Rare-Gas Halide Excimers with Simple Cryogenic Liquids,” H. Jara, H. Pummer, H. Egger, M. Shahidi, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. B 34, 7534 (1986).
  143. “Multi-Quantum Processes at High Field Strengths,” U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, A. P. Schwarzenbach, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 147, Optical Science and Engineering Series 7, Short Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Applications, D. T. Attwood and J. Bokor, eds. (AIP, New York, 1986) p. 157.
  144. “Multiphoton Ionization in Intense Ultraviolet Laser Fields,” U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, A. P. Schwarzenbach, and C. K. Rhodes, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 147, Optical Science and Engineering Series 7, Short Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Applications, D. Attwood and J. Bokor, eds. (AIP, New York, 1986) p. 202.
  145. “High Power Subpicosecond KrF* Laser System,” I. A. McIntyre, A. P. Schwarzenbach, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Proceedings of the Conference on High Intensity Laser Processes, Quebec, Canada, edited by A. John Alcock (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 1986) p. 202-207.
  146. “Subpicosecond Studies of Collision-Free Multiple Photon Processes in the Ultra¬violet,” T. S. Luk, U. Johann, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, A. P. Schwarzen¬bach, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Proceedings of the Conference on High Intensity Laser Processes, Quebec, Canada, edited by A. John Alcock (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 1986) p. 223-228.
  147. “Experimental Study of Harmonic Generation with Picosecond 248 nm Radiation,” T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, H. Jara U. Johann, I. A. McIntyre, A. P. Schwarzen¬bach, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Ultrafast Phenomena V, edited by G. R. ¬Fleming and A. E. Siegman (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1986) p. 366.
  148. “VUV Fluorescence and Harmonic Generation With Intense Picosecond 248 nm KrF* Radiation,” A. McPherson, T. S. Luk, M. H. R. Hutchinson, H. Jara, U. Johann, I. A. McIntyre, A. P. Schwarzenbach, and C. K. Rhodes, Excimer Lasers and Optics, Ting Shan Luk, Editor, Proc. SPIE Volume 710, (1987) p. 103.
  149. “High Order Multiphoton Processes Observed With Subpicosecond Excimer Lasers,” T. S. Luk, M. H. R. Hutchinson, H. Jara, U. Johann, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, A. P. Schwarzenbach, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Excimer Lasers and Optics, ed. Ting Shan Luk, Proc. SPIE Volume 710, (1987) p. 99.
  150. “Ordered Many-Electron Motions in Atoms and X-Ray Lasers,” Charles K. Rhodes, in Giant Resonances in Atoms, Molecules, and Solids, ed. J. P. Connerade, J. M. Esteva, and R. C. Karnatak (Plenum Publishing Co., New York, 1987) p. 533.
  151. “Physical Processes at High Field Strengths,” C. K. Rhodes, Physica Scripta T17, 193 (1987).
  152. “Dynamic Absorption Effects in KrF* Amplifiers,” H. Jara, K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, U. Johann, I. A. McIntyre, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. B 42, 11 (1987).
  153. “Studies of Multiphoton Production of Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation in the Rare Gases,” A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 595 (1987).
  154. “Subpicosecond Ultraviolet Multiphoton Electron Spectroscopy of Rare Gases,” T. S. Luk, T. Graber, H. Jara, U. Johann, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 847 (1987).
  155. “Measurement of 248 nm Subpicosecond Pulse Durations by Two-Photon Fluorescence of Xenon Excimers,” M. H. R. Hutchinson, I. A. McIntyre, G. N. Gibson, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 12, 102 (1987).
  156. “Cavity Considerations in Hybridly Mode-Locked Femtosecond Dye Lasers,” K. S. Budil, I. A. McIntyre, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Commun. 64, 179 (1987).
  157. “Limiting Cross Sections for Multiphoton Coupling,” K. Boyer, H. Jara, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, R. Rosman, and C. K. Rhodes, Revue Phys. Appl. 22, 1793 (1987).
  158. “Shortening of KrF* Laser Pulses Using Stimulated Brillouin Scattering,” I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 12, 909 (1987).
  159. “Possibility of Optically Induced Nuclear Fission,” K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 557 (1988).
  160. “Discussion of the Role of Many Electron Motions in Multiphoton Ionization and Excitation,” K. Boyer, H. Jara, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, R. Rosman, J. C. Solem, C. K. Rhodes, and A. Szöke, Proceedings of ICOMP IV: Multiphoton Processes, ed. S. J. Smith and P. L. Knight (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 1987) p. 58.
  161. “Discussion of Limiting Deposition Power Densities in Laser Target Materials,” A. McPherson, K. Boyer, H. Jara, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, R. Rosman, J. C. Solem, and C. K. Rhodes, Atomic and Molecular Processes with Short Intense Laser Pulses, ed. André D. Bandrauk (Plenum Press, NY, 1988) p. 165.
  162. “Generation of Infrared and Extreme-Ultraviolet Radiation in Krypton with Picosecond Irradiation at 193 nm,” M. Shahidi, T. S. Luk and C. K. Rhodes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 2386 (1988).
  163. “Design for a Fourier-Transform Holographic Microscope,” W. S. Haddad, D. Cullen, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, and J. C. Solem, Proceedings of the International Symposium on X-Ray Microscopy II, ed. D. Sayre, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988) p. 284.
  164. “A Description of the Theory and Apparatus for Digital Reconstruction of Fourier Transform Holograms,” W. S. Haddad, J. C. Solem, D. Cullen, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Electronics Imaging ‘87, Advanced Printing of Paper Summaries, Volume 2 (Institute for Graphic Communication, Inc., Boston, 1987) p. 693.
  165. “Fifth-Harmonic Production in Neon and Argon with Picosecond 248-nm Radiation,” R. Rosman, G. Gibson, K. Boyer, H. Jara, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1237 (1988).
  166. “Tunable Hybrid Mode-Locked Dye Laser Operating in the Range 735-760 nm,” I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Optics Communications 67, 225 (1988).
  167. “Corresponding Aspects of Strong-Field Multiquantum Processes and Ion-Atom Collisions,” K. Boyer, G. Gibson, H. Jara, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, R. Rosman, J. C. Solem, and C. K. Rhodes, IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science 16, 541 (1988).
  168. “The Influence of Free Electrons on the Propagation of Intense Subpicosecond 248 nm Radiation in Hydrogen Plasmas,” T. S. Luk, X. J. Pan, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, SPIE Vol. 913 - High Intensity Laser-Matter Interactions (1988) p. 24.
  169. “High Power Ultrafast Excimer Lasers,” I. A. McIntyre and C. K. Rhodes, J. Appl. Phys. 69, R1 (1991).
  170. “XUV Spectroscopy of Ions Produced by Multiphoton Absorption,” K. Boyer, G. Gibson, H. Jara, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, R. Rosman, J. C. Solem, and C. K. Rhodes, Inst. of Phys. Conf. Ser. No. 94: Section 6 (IOP Publishing Ltd., 1989) p. 241.
  171. “Multiphoton Dissociative Ionization of Molecular Deuterium,” T. S. Luk and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 38, 6180 (1988).
  172. “Kinetic Energy Distributions of Ionic Fragments Produced by Subpicosecond Multiphoton Ionization of N2,” K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, J. C. Solem, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1186 (1989).
  173. “Research on Strong Field Processes with a Subpicosecond 400 GW Ultraviolet Source,” T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, G. Gibson, H. Jara, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, X. J. Pan, R. Rosman, X. M. Shi, C. K. Rhodes, and J. C. Solem, presented at the LM & LS ‘88 Conference, 25-27 July 1988, Shanghai, China, published in China.
  174. 174. “Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling as a Method for Energy Concentration,” K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, J. C. Solem and C. K. Rhodes, OSA Proceedings on Short Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Application, R. W. Falcone and J. Kirz, editors, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988) p. 233.
  175. “Strong-Field Processes in the Ultraviolet Region,” K. Boyer, G. Gibson, H. Jara, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, R. Rosman, C. K. Rhodes, and J. C. Solem, OSA Proceedings on Short Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Application, R. W. Falcone and J. Kirz, editors, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988) p. 220.
  176. “Characteristics of a Non-Equilibrium Picosecond Laser Plasma,” G. Gibson, R. Rosman, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, G. Wendin, K. Boyer and C. K. Rhodes, OSA Proceedings on Short Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Application, R. W. Falcone and J. Kirz, editors, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988) p. 246.
  177. “X-Ray Fourier-Transform Holographic Microscope,” W. S. Haddad, D. Cullen, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, OSA Proceedings on Short Wavelength Coherent Radiation: Generation and Application, edited by R. W. Falcone and J. Kirz, (Optical Society of America, Washington, D. C., 1988) p. 284.
  178. “Research on Strong-Field Processes in the Ultraviolet Region,” K. Boyer, G. Gibson, H. Jara, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, A. McPherson, R. Rosman, C. K. Rhodes, and J. C. Solem, Atoms in Strong Fields, edited by C. Nicolaides, C. W. Clark, and M. H. Nayfeh (Plenum Press, New York, 1990) p. 283.
  179. “Studies of Strong-Field Effects in Multiphoton Subpicosecond Excited Plasmas: Soft X-Ray Fluorescence and Propagation,” A. McPherson, T. S. Luk, G. Gibson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer and C. K. Rhodes, Fundamentals of Laser Interactions II, edited by F. Ehlotzky, (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1989) p. 93.
  180. “Ultrahigh Intensity KrF* Laser System,” T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, G. Gibson, K. Boyer and C. K. Rhodes, Optics Lett. 14, 1113 (1989).
  181. “Observation of a New Inner-Orbital Molecular Transition at 55.8 nm in N22+ Produced by Multiphoton Coupling,” G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, K. Boyer and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 40, 2378 (1989).
  182. “Ion Production and Molecular Excitation Occurring in Multiphoton Processes,” A. McPherson, T. S. Luk, G. Gibson, K. Boyer and C. K. Rhodes, Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B43, (North-Holland Physics Publishing Division, 1989) p. 468.
  183. “Genome Sequencing by Direct Imaging X-Ray Color Holography,” Waleed S. Haddad, K. Boyer, R. M. Moriarty, J. C. Solem, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the Workshop on X-Ray Microimaging for the Life Sciences, May 24-26, 1989 (Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, 1989) LBL Report No. 27660, p. 81-84.
  184. “Prospects for X-Ray Amplification with Charge-Displacement Self Channeling,” J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, C. K. Rhodes, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-25, 2423 (1989).
  185. “Protection of Fiber Function by Para-Axial Fluid Flow in Interstitial Laser Therapy of Malignant Tumors,” Kambiz Dowlatshahi, Julee D. Bangert, M. F. Haklin, Charles K. Rhodes, Ronald S. Weinstein, Steven G. Economou, Lasers in Surgery & Medicine 10, 322 (1990).
  186. “Tunneling Ionization in the Multiphoton Regime,” G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5049 (1990).
  187. “Prospects for X-Ray Holography with Free Electron Lasers,” J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, W. Haddad, and C. K. Rhodes, SPIE Vol. 1227, Free Electron Lasers & Applications, ed. D. Prosnitz, (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 1990), p. 105.
  188. “Generation of Coherent EUV and IR Radiation Using Six-Wave Mixing in Argon,” G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 43, 371 (1991).
  189. “Stabilization of Relativistic Self-Focusing of Intense Subpicosecond Ultraviolet Pulses in Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, C. K. Rhodes, O. B. Shiryaev, Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1753 (1990).
  190. “Molecular X-Ray Laser Research,” T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, G. N. Gibson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Izvestia Academia Nauk, Seria Fizicheskaya, T. 55, 768 (1991) (in Russian); English translation in Short Wavelengths Lasers and Their Applications, edited by V. V. Korobkin and M. Yu. Romanovsky (Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Commack, NY, 1992) p. 1.
  191. “The Relativistic Self-Focusing of Powerful Subpicosecond Laser Pulses in Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, C. K. Rhodes, O. B. Shiryaev, The USSR Academy of Science, General Physics Institute, Department for Coherent and Non-Linear Optics, preprint #66, Moscow 1990.
  192. “Studies of the Interaction of Molecules and Solids with Intense Subpicosecond 248 nm Radiation,” T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, B. E. Bouma, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Multiphoton Processes, edited by G. Mainfray and P. Agostini (CEA, Saclay, 1991) p. 217.
  193. “Microholographic Imaging of Biological Samples,” W. S. Haddad, D. Cullen, J. C. Solem, J. W. Longworth, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Vol. 67, X-Ray Microscopy III, A. Michette, G. Morrison, and C. Buckley, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 1992) p. 259.
  194. “Plasma Production from Ultraviolet Transmitting Targets Using Subpicosecond Ultraviolet Radiation,” A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, M. D. Rosen, K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson and C. K. Rhodes, Opt. Lett. 16, 1261 (1991).
  195. “Observation of Density-Enhanced Dielectronic Satellite Spectra Produced During Subpicosecond Laser-Matter Interactions,” A. Zigler, V. L. Jacobs, D. A. Newman, P. G. Burkhalter D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 1569 (1992).
  196. “High Intensity Generation of 9-13 Å X-Rays from BaF2 Targets,” A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 777 (1991).
  197. “Mechanisms of Short Wavelength Generation,” T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Atoms in Intense Radiation Fields, edited by M. Gavrila (Academic Press, Inc., Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1992) p. 207.
  198. “Density-Sensitive Dielectronic Satellite Spectra Emitted During Subpicosecond Laser-Matter Interactions,” V. L. Jacobs, A. Zigler, D. A. Newman, P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Radiative Properties of Hot Dense Matter, Proceedings of 4th International Workshop, Sarasota, FL, October 1991, edited by W. Goldstein, C. Hooper, J. Gauthier, J. Seely, R. Lee (World Scientific, Singapore, 1991), p. 120.
  199. “Measurement of Energy Penetration Depth of Subpicosecond Laser Energy into Solid Density Matter,” A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, M. D. Rosen, K. Boyer, G. Gibson, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 534 (1991).
  200. “Fourier-Transform Holographic Microscope,” W. S. Haddad, D. Cullen, J. C. Solem, J. W. Longworth, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, SPIE Vol. 1448 - Camera and Input Scanner Systems (1991), p. 81.
  201. “Method of Concentration of Power in Materials for X-Ray Amplification,” K. Boyer, A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, D. A. Tate, B. E. Bouma, X. Shi, A. McPherson, T. S. Luk, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Opt. 31, 3433 (1992).
  202. “Subpicosecond Studies of Molecules and Solids,” T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, D. A. Tate, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings on Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. II, Philip H. Bucksbaum and Natale Ceglio (eds.), (Opt. Soc. Am., 1991) p. 196.
  203. “X-Ray Spectral Determination of Electron Density in Dense Laser-Excited Targets,” T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, D. A. Tate, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings on Short-Wavelength Coherent Radiation, Vol. II, Philip H. Bucksbaum and Natale Ceglio (eds.), (Opt. Soc. Am., 1991) p. 42.
  204. “Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling of Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses in Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830 (1992).
  205. “X-Ray Emission from High-Temperature Solid Density Plasmas Produced by Intense Subpicosecond Ultraviolet Radiation,” A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, M. Rosen, W. Goldstein, A. Bar-Shalom, K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, and C. K. Rhodes, in Radiative Properties of Hot Dense Matter, Proceedings of 4th International Workshop, Sarasota, FL, October 1991, edited by W. Goldstein, C. Hooper, J. Gauthier, J. Seely, R. Lee (World Scientific, Singapore, 1991), p. 221.
  206. “Non-Linear Dynamics of Subpicosecond Laser Pulses in Material Media in the Cases of Relativistic Intensities of the Light Fields,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, C. K. Rhodes, and O. B. Shiryaev, Izvestiya Akademii Nauk, 55, 1245 (1991), (in Russian; English translation is available in “USSR Academy of Sciences-Izvestiya.”)
  207. “On the Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling of Powerful Ultrashort Laser Pulses in Cold Undercritical Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, O. B. Shiryaev, and C. K. Rhodes, Sbornik Kratkie Soobbshcheniya po Fizike, N9, 3 ( 1991) [Soviet Physics-Lebedev Institute Reports No. 9, 1 (1991)].
  208. “Dynamics of Self-Effect of Subpicosecond Laser Relativistic Pulses in Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, C. K. Rhodes, and, and O. B. Shiryaev, Proceedings of General Physics Institute of the USSR Academy of Sciences, 41, 3 (1991) (in Russian; English translation is available).
  209. “Studies of Plasmas Excited by Intense Subpicosecond Radiation for X-Ray Generation,” A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, D. A. Tate, C. K. Rhodes, SPIE Vol. 1551, Ultrashort-Wavelength Lasers, (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 1992) p. 186.
  210. “The Threshold of the Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling of Laser Pulses in Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, O. B. Shiryaev, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Laser Physics 1, 546 (1991).
  211. “Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling of Intense Short-Duration Laser Pulses in Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, SPIE Vol. 1551, Ultrashort-Wavelength Lasers, (SPIE, Bellingham, WA, 1992), p. 224.
  212. “Isotopic Studies of Atomic Site-Selectivity in Molecular Multiphoton Ionization of N2O,” T. S. Luk, R. M. Moriarty, A. Awashti, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 45, 6744 (1992).
  213. “Excitation of Molecules and Solids with Intense Subpicosecond Ultraviolet Radiation,” T. S. Luk, D. A. Tate, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Coherence Phenomena in Atoms and Molecules in Laser Fields, edited by André D. Bandrauk and Stephen C. Wallace (Plenum Publishing Corporation, NY, 1992) p. 175.
  214. “Observation of Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling of Intense Subpicosecond Ultraviolet (248 nm) Radiation in Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309 (1992).
  215. “X-Ray Amplifier Energy Deposition Scaling with Channeled Propagation,” K. Boyer, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, X. Shi, J. C. Solem, C. K. Rhodes, A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, and V. V. Korobkin, Proceedings of the International Conference on Lasers '91, F. J. Duarte and D. G. Harris (eds), (STS Press, McLean, VA, 1992) p. 9.
  216. “Fourier-Transform Holographic Microscope,” W. S. Haddad, D. Cullen, J. C. Solem, J. W. Longworth, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Opt. 31, 4973 (1992).
  217. “The Relativistic Dynamics in Plasma of Picosecond Excimer Laser Pulses’ Focal Spots as Objects for X-Radiation Amplification,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, C. K. Rhodes, and O. B. Shiryaev, in Short Wavelength Lasers and Their Applications, edited by V. V. Korobkin and M. Yu. Romanovskiy [Nova Science Publishers, Inc., Commack, NY (1992) pp. 261.
  218. “X-Ray Emission from a 650 Femtosecond Laser-produced Barium Plasma,” W. H. Goldstein, A. Zigler, P. G. Burkhalter, D. J. Nagel, A. Bar-Shalom, J. Oreg, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. E 47, 4349 (1993).
  219. “Investigation of Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling of Intense Subpicosecond Ultraviolet (248 nm) Radiation in Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. B. Karpov, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, A. McPherson, X. Shi, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, X-Ray Lasers 1992, edited by E. Fill (IOP Publishing Ltd., Bristol, UK, 1992) p. 229.
  220. “Relativistic-Ponderomotive Self-Channeling of Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses in a Medium,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskii, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, C. K. Rhodes, and O. B. Shiryaev, Sov. Phys. JETP 74, 604 (1992).
  221. “Comparison of Kinetic Energy Distributions and Ionic Fragment Yields of CO2 and N2O Arising from Coulomb Explosions Induced by Multiphoton Ionization and Fast Ion Impact,” T. S. Luk, D. A. Tate, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. A 48, 1359 (1993).
  222. “High-Brightness Subpicosecond Terawatt KrF* System Driven with a Frequency Converted Self-Mode-Locked Pulse-Compressed Ti:Al2O3 Laser,” B. Bouma, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1180 (1993).
  223. “Comparison of Kinetic Energy Distributions of C2+ Ionic Fragments Induced by Multiphoton Ionization and Fast Ion Impact from CO2,” T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, in Laser Interactions with Atoms, Solids and Plasma, ed. R. M. More, (Plenum Publishing Corporation, New York, 1994) p. 107.
  224. “Stability Analysis of Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling of Intense Laser Pulse,” A. B. Borisov, O. B. Shiryaev, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, OSA Proceedings on Shortwavelength V, Vol. 17, Paul B. Corkum and Michael D. Perry (eds.), (Optical Society of America, 1993) p. 58.
  225. “Optimization of Self-Channeling of Relativistically Intense Laser Beams in Underdense Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, X. Shi, O. B. Shiryaev, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, OSA Proceedings on Shortwavelength V, Vol. 17, Paul B. Corkum and Michael D. Perry (eds.), (Optical Society of America, 1993) p. 50.
  226. “Multiphoton Induced X-Ray Emission and Amplification from Clusters,” A. McPherson, T. S. Luk, B. D. Thompson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Appl. Phys. B 57, 337 (1993).
  227. “Multiphoton X-Ray Generation from Clusters: Analysis of Energy Transfer Scaling,” K. Boyer, X. Chen, A. McPherson, B. D. Thompson, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference: Multiphoton Processes, D. K. Evans and S. L. Chin (eds.), (World Scientific, Singapore, 1994) p. 467.
  228. “Stable Self-Channeling of Intense Ultraviolet Pulses in Underdense Plasma, Producing Channels Exceeding 100 Rayleigh Lengths,” A. B. Borisov, X. Shi, V. B. Karpov, V. V. Korobkin, J. C. Solem, O. B. Shiryaev, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, JOSA B 11, 1941 (1994).
  229. “Multiphoton Induced X-Ray Emission from Kr Clusters on M-Shell (~ 100 Å) and L-Shell (~ 6 Å) Transitions,” A. McPherson, T. S. Luk, B. D. Thompson, A. B. Borisov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. Chen, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. Lett. 72, 1810 (1994).
  230. “Multiphoton-Induced X-Ray Emission at 4-5 keV from Xe Atoms with Multiple Core Vacancies,” A. McPherson, B. D. Thompson, A. B. Borisov, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Nature 370, 631 (1994).
  231. “Evidence for Coherent Electron Motions in Multiphoton X-Ray Production from Kr and Xe Clusters,” K. Boyer, B. D. Thompson, A. McPherson, C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 27, 4373 (1994).
  232. “Multi-Electron Ejection of Inner-Shell Electrons through Multiphoton Excitation of Clusters,” B. D. Thompson, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 27, 4391 (1994).
  233. “X-Ray Superradiance from Multiphoton Excited Clusters,” A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 27, L637 (1994).
  234. “From the Atom to the Bulk: Charge Transfer and Correlated-Pair Fragmentation in Argon Clusters (L),” R. Jung, H. Dietrich, T. Belling, E. Waterstradt, K. Müller-Dethlefs, and C. K. Rhodes.
  235. “New Advances toward a Kilovolt X-Ray Amplifier,” C. K. Rhodes, Optics & Photonics News 5, 8 (1994).
  236. “Superstrong Coherent Multi-Electron Intense-Field Interaction,” K. Boyer and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 27, L633 (1994).
  237. “Controlled Power Compression in Materials for X-Ray Amplification,” A. B. Borisov, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the 4th International Colloquium on X-Ray Lasers, Williamsburg, VA, 16-20 May 1994, edited by D. C. Eder and D. L. Matthews, AIP Conference Proceedings No. 332 (AIP Press, New York, 1994) p. 134.
  238. “Ultrahigh Power Compression for X-Ray Amplification: Multiphoton Cluster Excitation Combined with Nonlinear Channeled Propagation,” A. B. Borisov, A. McPherson, B. D. Thompson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 28, 2143 (1995).
  239. “Hohle Atome¾Eine Neue Form von Hochangeregter Materie,” G. Morowsky und Ch. K. Rhodes. Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Nr. 254, 1 November 1995, S.42.
  240. “Stability Analysis of Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling of Intense Laser Pulses in Underdense Plasma,” A. B. Borisov, O. B. Shiryaev, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Plasma Phys. and Control. Fusion 37, 569 (1995).
  241. “Dynamical Orbital Collapse Drives Super X-Ray Emission,” A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 29, 247 (1996).
  242. “Relativistic-Ponderomotive Self-Channeling of Intense Ultrashort Laser Pulses in a Medium,” A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskii, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, C. K. Rhodes and O. B. Shiryaev, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 101, 1132 (1992).
  243. “Z-λ Imaging of Xe(M) and Xe(L) Emissions from Channeled Propagation of Intense Femtosecond 248 nm Pulses in a Xe Cluster Target,” A. B. Borisov, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 29, L113 (1996).
  244. “Competition between Multiphoton Cluster Excitation and Plasma Wave Raman Scattering at 248 nm,” A. McPherson, A. B. Borisov, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 29, L291 (1996).
  245. "Intensity Dependence of the Multiphoton-Induced Xe(L) Spectrum Produced by Subpicosecond 248 nm Excitation of Xe Clusters,” A. B. Borisov, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 29, L43 (1996).
  246. “Production of Ultrahigh Power Densities with Channeled Propagation at 248 nm in Underdense Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Progress in Crystal Growth and Characterization of Materials, Vol. 33 (Pergamon/Elsevier Science, Britian, 1996) p. 217.
  247. “Design and Analysis of a Deep UV Laser based on Ce3+:LiSrAlF6,” T. R. Nelson, F. G.Omenetto, W. A. Schroeder, J. W. Longworth, and C. K. Rhodes, in Proc. N.A.T.O. Advanced Studies Institute on High Powered LasersScience and Engineering, Karlovy Vary, Edited by R. Kossowsky, et al. (Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1995) p. 177.
  248. “Nanotechnology Concept for Multiphoton Multikilovolt X-Ray Production,” A. Borisov, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Science and Technology of Atomically Engineered Materials (World Scientific Publishing, Singapore, 1995).
  249. “Observation of Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling Using X-Ray Fluorescence,” A. B. Borisov, B. D. Thompson, A. McPherson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, NATO ASI Series on Super Intense Laser Atom Physics (IV), edited by H. G. Muller (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands).
  250. “Observation of Multiphoton-Induced Multiple Vacancy Production in Xe(L) Emission from Plasma Channels,” A. McPherson, A. B. Borisov, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Atomic Processes in Plasmas, Proceedings of the 10th APS Topical Conference on Atomic Processes in Plasmas, San Francisco, CA, 1996, edited by A. L. Osterheld and W. H. Goldstein, AIP Conf. Proc. No. 381 (AIP Press, New York, 1996).
  251. “Evidence of Enhanced Multiphoton (248 nm) Coupling from Single-Pulse Energy Measurements of Xe(L) Emission Induced from Xe Clusters,” A. McPherson, J. Cobble, A. B. Borisov, B. D. Thompson, F. Omenetto, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 30, L767 (1997).
  252. “Wavelength Dependence of Multiphoton-Induced Xe(M) and Xe(L) Emissions from Xe Clusters,” K. Kondo, A. B. Borisov, C. Jordan, A. McPherson, W. A. Schroeder, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 30, 2707 (1997).
  253. “Biomedical Three-Dimensional Holographic Microimaging at Visible, Ultraviolet and X-Ray Wavelengths,” K. Boyer, J. C. Solem, J. W. Longworth, A. B. Borisov, and C. K. Rhodes, Nature Medicine 2, 939 (1996).
  254. “Hohle Atome und die Kompression von Licht in Plasmakanänalen,” G. Marowsky and Ch. K. Rhodes, Physikalische Blätter 52, 991 (1996).
  255. “Model Research University for the Third Millennium,” Charles K. Rhodes, University Studies 16, 121 (1997).
  256. “Hollow Atom Production with UV Radiation,” G. Marowsky and Ch. K. Rhodes, Lambda Highlights, No. 50, 1 (1996).
  257. “Multielectron Motions Induced in Clusters and Molecules in Self-Trapped Channels,” A. B. Borisov, A. McPherson, B. D. Thompson, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Multiphoton Processes 1996 (Institute of Physics Conference Series Number 154), ed. P. Lambropoulos and H. Walther (IOP Publishing, Bristol, U.K., 1997) p. 1.
  258. “Theoretical/Experimental Studies of Ultraviolet High-Power Density Self-Trapped Channels,” A. B. Borisov, B. D. Thompson, A. McPherson, F. Omenetto, T. Nelson, W.A. Schroeder, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, in Superstrong Fields in Plasma, ed. M. Lontano et al. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1998) p. 322.
  259. “Stable Relativistic/Charge Displacement Channels in Ultrahigh Power Density (~ 1021 W/cm3) Plasmas,” A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 95, 7854 (1998).
  260. “Dynamics of Optimized Stable Channel Formation of Intense Laser Pulses with the Relativistic/Charge-Displacement Mechanism,” A. B. Borisov, S. Cameron, Y. Dai, J. Davis, T. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 32, 3511 (1999).
  261. “Short Pulse Amplification at 745nm in Ti:Sapphire with a Continuously Tunable Regenerative Amplifier,” T. R. Nelson, W. A. Schroeder, C. K. Rhodes, J. W. Longworth, F. G. Omenetto, Applied Optics 36, 7752 (1997).
  262. "High Brightness Terawatt KrF* (248 nm) System,” F. G. Omenetto, K. Boyer, J. W. Longworth, A. McPherson, T. Nelson, P. Noel, W. A. Schroeder, C. K. Rhodes, S. Szatmari, G. Marowsky, Applied Optics B 64, 43 (1997).
  263. “High Intensity Ultraviolet Laser and Next Generation Sources,” Fiorenzo G. Omenetto, Keith Boyer, James W. Longworth, Tom Nelson, W. Andreas Schroeder, and Charles K. Rhodes, in Superstrong Fields in Plasma, ed. M. Lontano et al. (American Institute of Physics, New York, 1998) p.454.
  264. “Experimente mit extrem intensivem Laserlicht von Kurzen zu ultrakurzen Lichtpulsen,” J. Boness, G. Marowsky, und C. Rhodes, Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Nr. 58, 11. März 1998, S.40.
  265. “Gamma-Ray Bursts and the Particle Mass Scale,” Yang Dai, Alexey B. Borisov, James W. Longworth, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications, ed. R. Graglia (Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy, 1999) p. 3.
  266. “Study of Plasma Channel Bifurcation in the Propagation of Intense Ultraviolet Pulses with the Relativistic/Charge-Displacement Mechanism,” Alex B.Borisov, S. Cameron, Yang Dai, W.A. Schroeder, James W. Longworth, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes Proceedings of the International Conference on Electromagnetics in Advanced Applications, ed. R. Graglia (Politecnico di Torino, Torino, Italy, 1999) p. 15.
  267. “Pump Laser Wavelength-Dependent Control of the Efficiency of Kilovolt X-Ray Emission from Atomic Clusters,” W. Andreas Schroeder, F. G. Omenetto, A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, A. McPherson, C. Jordan, K. Boyer, K. Kondo and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 31, 5031 (1998).
  268. “An Efficient, Selective Collisional Ejection Mechanism for Inner-Shell Population Inversion in Laser Driven Plasmas,” W. A. Schroeder, T. R. Nelson, A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 34, 297 (2001).
  269. “Bifurcation Mode of Relativistic and Charge-Displacement Self-Channeling,” A. B. Borisov, S. Cameron, T. S. Luk, T. R. Nelson, A. Van Tassle, J. Santoro, W. A. Schroeder, Y. Dai, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 34, 2167 (2001).
  270. “Computation with Inverse States in a Finite Field : The Muon Neutrino Mass, the Unified Strong-Electroweak Coupling Constant, and the Higgs Mass,” Yang Dai, Alexey B. Borisov, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, Sandia National Laboratories, Report SAND2000-2043, August 2000.
  271. “Determination of Supersymmetric Physical Masses and Attributes with Genetic Divisors,” Yang Dai, Alexey B. Borisov, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, Sandia National Laboratories, Report SAND2001-1608, June 2001.
  272. “Quadratic Reciprocity and the Group Orders of Particle States,” Y. Dai, A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C.K. Rhodes, Sandia National Laboratories, Report SAND2001-1534, June 2001.
  273. “A p-Adic Metric for Particle Mass Scale Organization with Genetic Divisors,” Y. Dai, A. B. Borisov, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Sandia National Laboratories, Report SAND2001-2903, December 2001.
  274. “Ultraviolet-infrared Wavelength Scalings for Strong Field Induced L-Shell Emissions from Kr and Xe Clusters,” Alex B. Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Fabrizio Frigeni, Yang Dai, Yevgeniya Koshman, W. Andreas Schroeder, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 35, L461-L467 (2002).
  275. “Observation of Directed Emission and Spectral Narrowing on Xe(L) Hollow Atom Single-(2p) and (2s2p) Double Vacancy Inner-Shell Transitions at 2.82.9 Angstroms,” A. B. Borisov, K. Boyer, A. Van Tassle, X. Song, F. Frigeni, M. Kado, and C. K. Rhodes, Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Superstong Fields in Plasmas, (Varenna, Italy, 2001), AIP Conference Proceedings Vol. 611, ed. M. Lontano, G. Mourou, O. Svelto, and T. Tajima (American Institute of Physics, Melville, NY, 2002) p. 346.
  276. “Ultrabright Multikilovolt Coherent Tunable X-Ray Source at  ~ 2.71  2.93 Å,” Alex B. Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Fabrizio Frigeni, Yevgeniya Koshman, Yang Dai, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 36, 3433 (2003).
  277. “Saturated Multikilovolt X-Ray Amplification with Xe Clusters: Single-Pulse Observation of Xe(L) Spectral Hole Burning,” Alex B. Borisov, Jack Davis, Xiangyang Song, Yevgeniya Koshman, Yang Dai, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 36, L285 (2003).
  278. “Cryptographic Unification of Mass and Space Links Neutrino Flavor (e,) Transformations with the Cosmological Constant ,” Y. Dai, A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Int. J. Mod. Phys. A, 18, 4257 (2003).
  279. “Amplification of Multikilovolt Xe(L) Hollow Atom Transitions with Xe Clusters in Confined Plasma Channels,” Alex B. Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Yevgeniya Koshman, Jack Davis, Yang Dai, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, Ultrafast Optics IV: Selected Contributions to the 4th International Conference on Ultrafast Optics, Vienna Austria, Springer Series in Optical Sciences, Volume 95, ed. Ferenc Krausz, Georg Korn, Paul Corkum, and Ian A. Walmsley (Springer-Verlag, New York, April, 2004) p. 343.
  280. “Ultrabright Multikilovolt Coherent Tunable X-Ray Source at ~ 2.71  2.93 Å for Biological Microimaging,” Alex B. Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Ping Zhang, Jonas Moses, Jeremy Callner, Maria Vogrinc, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, in AIP Proceedings of the International Symposium on Portable Synchrotron Light Sources and Advanced Applications, Shiga, Japan, January 1314, 2004, ed. Hironari Yamada (2004).
  281. “Optimization of Power Compression and Stability of Relativistic and Ponderomotive Self-Channeling of 248 nm Laser Pulses in Underdense Plasmas,” J. Davis, A. B. Borisov, and C. K. Rhodes, Physical Review E 70, 066406 (2004).
  282. “High-Intensity Applications of Excimer Lasers,” Alex B. Borisov, Jack Davis, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, in Excimer Laser Technology, D. Basting and G. Marowsky, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2005) p. 373.
  283. “Quadratic Reciprocity, the Higgs Mass, and Complexity,” Y. Dai, A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Advanced Studies in Contemporary Mathematics 10, 149 (2005).
  284. “Modeling of Clusters in a Strong 248-nm Laser Field by a Three-Dimensional Relativistic Molecular Dynamic Model,” G. M. Petrov, J. Davis, A. L. Velikovich, P. C. Kepple, A. Dasgupta, R. W. Clark, A. B. Borisov, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, Phys. Rev. E 71, 036411 (2005).
  285. “Multikilovolt Channeled X-Ray Propagation in Water,” J. Davis, A. B. Borisov, Keith Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 38, L 309 (2005).
  286. “Amplification at  ~ 2.8 Å on Xe(L) Double-Vacancy States Produced by 248 nm Excitation of Xe Clusters in Plasma Channels,” Alex B. Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Ping Zhang, Arati Dasgupta, Jack Davis, Paul C. Kepple, Yang Dai, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. 38, 3935 (2005).
  287. “Explosive Supersaturated Amplification on 3d2p Xe(L) Hollow Atom Transitions at  ~ 2.72.9 Å,” Keith Boyer, Alex Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Ping Zhang, John C. McCorkindale, Shahab Khan, Yang Dai, Paul C. Kepple, Jack Davis, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 38, 3055 (2005).
  288. “Vom Feuer zum Gamma-Blitz,” Gerd Marowsky and Charles Rhodes, Neue Zürcher Zeitung, Nr. 274, 23. November 2005, S.65.
  289. “Xe(L) Coherent X-Ray Source at  ~ 2.9 Å for Biological Nanoimaging, ” in Superstrong Fields in Plasmas, Keith Boyer, Alex B. Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Ping Zhang, John C. McCorkindale, Shahab F. Khan, Richard DeJonghe, and Charles K. Rhodes, AIP Conference Proceedings, Vol. 827, ed. Dimitri Batani and Maurizio Lontano (AIP, Melville, NY, 2006) p. 457.
  290. “The Nuclear Era of Laser Interactions: New Milestones in the History of Power Compression,” Alex B. Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Ping Zhang, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, in Lasers and Nuclei-Applications of Ultrahigh Intensity Lasers in Nuclear Science, H. Schwoerer, J. Magill, B. Beleites, eds., Lect. Notes Phys. 694, 3-6 (Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg, 2006).
  291. “Single-Pulse Characteristics of the Xe(L) Amplifier on the Xe35+ (3d 2p) Transition Array at   2.86 Å,” Alex B. Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Ping Zhang, John C. McCorkindale, Shahab F. Khan, Richard DeJonghe, Sankar Poopalasingham, Ji Zhao, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 39, L313 (2006).
  292. “Double Optimization of Xe(L) Amplifier Power Scaling at  ~ 2.9 Å,” Alex B. Borisov, Xiangyang Song, Ping Zhang, John C. McCorkindale, Shahab F. Khan, Sankar Poopalasingam, Ji Zhao, Yang Dai, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 40, F131( 2007).
  293. “Temperature Enhancement of Xe(L) X-Ray Amplifier ( ~ 2.9 Å) Emission,” Alex B. Borisov, Ping Zhang, Ervin Racz, John C. McCorkindale, Shahab F. Khan, Sankar Poopalasingam, Ji Zhao, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 40, F307(2007).
  294. “Realization of the Conceptual Ideal for X-Ray Amplification,” Alex B. Borisov, Ervin Racz, Ping Zhang, John C. McCorkindale, Shahab Kahn, Sankar Poopalasingam, Ji Zhao, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 41, 105602 (2008).
  295. “The Nuclear Epoch of Laser Interactions,” Alex B. Borisov, Ervin Racz, Shahab F. Khan, Sankar Poopalasingam, John C. McCorkindale, Ji Zhao, John Boguta, James W. Longworth, and Charles K. Rhodes, The Fourth International Symposium on Atomic Cluster Collisions (ISAACC 2009), edited by A. V. Solov’yov and E. Surdutovich, AIP Conf. Proc., Vol 1197, pp 42-47.
  296. “Power Scaling of the Xe(L) Amplifier at λ ~ 2.8 Å into the Petawatt Regime,” Alex B. Borisov, Ervin Racz, Shahab F. Khan, Sankar Poopalasingam, John C. McCorkindale, Ji Zhao, John Boguta, James W. Longworth, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 43, 015402 (2010).
  297. “Spatially Resolved Observation of the Spectral Hole Burning in the Xe(L) Amplifier on Single and Double Vacancy 3d → 2p Transitions in the 2.62 Å < λ < 2.94 Å Range,” Alex B. Borisov, Ervin Racz, Shahab F. Khan, Sankar Poopalasingam, John C. McCorkindale, Ji Zhao, Joel Fontanarosa, Yang Dai, John Boguta, James W. Longworth, and Charles K. Rhodes, J. Phys. B 43, 045402 (2010).
  298. “Unique Physically Anchored Cryptographic Theoretical Calculation of the Fine-Structure Constant α Matching both the g/2 and Interferometric High-Precision Measurements,” arXiv:gen-ph/1008.4537, Charles Kirkham Rhodes, August, 2010.
  299. “Precision Cryptographic Calculation of the Observed Values of the Cosmological Constants ΩΛ and Ωm as a Manifestation of the Higgs State in the Extension Field ,” arXiv:gen-ph/1008.4596, Charles K. Rhodes, August, 2010.
  300. “Ultimate Anthropic Principle: Cryptographic Organizing Principle for Proteomes Expressing Protein Masses, Interactions, and Evolutionary Dynamics,” Charles K. Rhodes, to be published by Springer-Verlag (Berlin).
  301. “Reaching the Schwinger Limit with X-Rays,” Charles K. Rhodes, John Boguta, Alex B. Borisov, Shahab F. Khan, James W. Longworth, John C. McCorkindale, Sankar Poopalasingam, Ervin Racz and Ji Zhao, Proceedings of the International Conference on Physics in Intense Fields, PIF2010, KEK Proceedings 2010-13, February 2011, pp. 107-110.
  302. “Progress in High Intensity Studies with Femtosecond Excimer Laser Pulses,” Charles K. Rhodes, in Springer Handbook of Lasers and Optics, edited by Frank Träger (Springer-Verlag, Berlin) to be published.
  303. “Giant X-Ray Nonlinearities in the Kiloelectronvolt Regime,” E. Racz, S. F. Khan, A. B. Borisov, S. Poopalasingam, J. C. McCorkindale, S. J. Ward, J. W. Longworth, A. E. Felder, J. Boguta, J. Zhao, C. K. Rhodes, Annual Report 2010 High Energy Density Physics with Intense Ion and Laser Beams (2010), electronic submission; www-aix.gsi.de/plasma2010.
  304. “Observation of a Curve Crossing Mechanism in the Field Ionization of Inner-Shell Excited Single Xe33+ and Double Xe34+ Vacancy States,” Alex B. Borisov, Ervin Racz, Sankar Poopalasingam, John C. McCorkindale, John Boguta, James W. Longworth, and Charles K. Rhodes, manuscript submitted to IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, December, 2011.
  305. “Stable Formation of Ultrahigh Power-Density 248 nm Channels in Xe Cluster Targets,” Alex B. Borisov, Ervin Racz, Shahab F. Khan, Sankar Poopalasingam, John C. McCorkindale, John Boguta, James W. Longworth, and Charles K. Rhodes, Laser-Driven Relativistic Plasmas Applied to Science, Energy, Industry, and Medicine,” Sergei V. Bulanov, Atsushi Yokoyama, Yuri I. Malakhov, Yasumasa Watanabe, Editors, AIP Conference Proceedings 1465, 97-101 (2012).
  306. “Observation of Nonlinear optical Coupling in the Kiloelectronvolt X-Ray Regime”, Shahab F. Khan, Ervin Racz, Sankar Poopalasingam, John C. McCorkindale, Alex B. Borisov, John Boguta, James W. Longworth, and Charles K. Rhodes, manuscript accepted for publication in IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, January 2012.

Other Significant Works

Reason and Abandon: 1989 Chicago Discovery Seminar,” edited by Audrey Lumsden-Kouvel, Elizabeth Meryman-Brunner, and Charles K. Rhodes.

“Research and the Public,” Charles K. Rhodes, unpublished manuscript, 1993.

“New Technology for Bio-Medical Three-Dimensional Micro-Imaging in the Visible, Ultraviolet and X-Ray Regions,” R. Abell, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, submitted to the Proceedings of the Technology 1995 Conference, held 24-26 October 1995, Chicago, IL.

“Statement on the Occasion of the TARA Building ‘A’ Dedication,” C. K. Rhodes, TARA News (University of Tsukuba) 1996, manuscript in English and Japanese.

“Creative Learning with Books,” Charles K. Rhodes, lecture delivered at the World Books Annual Meeting held in Chicago, IL, 4 January 1996.

“Hollow Atom Production by a Shell-Selective Collisional Ejection Process in Clusters and Solids Xe(L) and Ba(L),” Thomas R. Nelson, A. B. Borisov, S. Cameron, J. W. Longworth, T. S. Luk, W. A. Schroeder, J. Santoro, A. J. Van Tassle, and C. K. Rhodes, presented at the 18th International Conference on X-Ray and Inner-Shell Processes, Chicago, IL, 23 – 27 August 1999.

“Nature, Number, and Universality,” Yang Dai, Alexey B. Borisov, and C. K. Rhodes, manuscript in preparation.

“Supersymmetry and a Universal Power Residue Mass Scale,” Yang Dai, A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, and C. K. Rhodes unpublished manuscript.

“Stability of Protein Folding: Prion Production through the Induction of Singularities on the Optimal Path,” James W. Longworth, Yang Dai, Alexey B. Borisov, and Charles K. Rhodes, unpublished manuscript, 2000.

“Systematics of a Supersymmetric Power Residue Particle Mass Scale,” Yang Dai, A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, unpublished manuscript.

“Was Ist Leben?,” Charles K. Rhodes, lecture presented at the Bozner Treffen, Bozen, Italy, 57 October 2001, unpublished manuscript.

“The Concept of Cosmic Quantum Numbers,” Yang Dai, Alex B. Borisov, James W. Longworth, Keith Boyer, and Charles K. Rhodes, unpublished manuscript.

Preface to Helen Morrison’s Photographic Portrait Volume, Charles K. Rhodes, 2004.

“Microembryology and Frankenstein: The Determination of Protein Structure as a Chaotic Attractor,” Yang Dai and Charles K. Rhodes, unpublished manuscript.

“Knowledge, Truth, Beauty, and Paradox,” Charles K. Rhodes, unpublished essay on the history of knowledge, 2006.

On Board the Heavenly Seesaw (An Bord der Himmlischen Wippe/Deutsche Auflage), Charles K. Rhodes, unpublished book manuscript, including chapters:

     Chapter 1: The Power of Paradox
     Chapter 2: Cosmic Mysteries
     Chapter 3: A Central Conundrum of Biology and Other Questions
     Chapter 4: Basic Ideas
                              Concept of Space
                              Physical Mass Scale and Particle Elementarity
     Chapter 5: The Invention of Number and Its Hidden Qualities
     Chapter 6: A Cosmic Anthropic Principle
     Chapter 7: Uniting the Unknowns
     Chapter 8: Constructing a Synthesis
     Chapter 9: Key Surprises
     Chapter 10: Dead Dogmas
     Chapter 11: Optimization and Cosmic Perfection
     Chapter 12: The Alliance of Science and Spirit
     Chapter 13: Biology and Life
     Chapter 14: Spiritual Man Revived
     Chapter 15: Limits to Knowledge
     Chapter 16: Possibilities, Policies, and Purpose
     Chapter 17: Recapitulation

“The Dynamics of Electron/Positron Pair Production and Nuclear Excitation in Multikilovolt X-Ray Self-Trapped Solid Density Plasma Channels,” Alex B. Borisov, Ping Zhang, John McCorkindale, Shahab Khan, and Charles K. Rhodes, unpublished manuscript, 2008.

“Cryptographic Concordance of the Electron and Muon Neutrino Masses, the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) Spectrum, the Cosmological Constant , and the Unified Strong-Electroweak Coupling Constant α*,” Y. Dai, A. B. Borisov, J. W. Longworth, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, unpublished manuscript.

“Higgs Anchored Elliptic Curves over Prime and Extension Fields ,” Charles K. Rhodes, manuscript in progress, 2011.